Peter Graham a Revolutionary Militant.
“In 1966 we in Ireland celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Easter Rebellion (1916). The writings of James Connolly, which prior to then had been read little, and then only by the older hands’, began to be read more widely. The younger generation found through his writings that he was not quite as the Christian Brothers in school taught – “only the 7th leader’ of 19l6.” They found in his writings Connolly the revolutionary, the worker, the union organiser and Marxist”. Peter Graham Workers Fight, June 1968.
Comrades who have read about the Irish Revolution know something about the contributions made by Nora Connolly O’Brien , Michael Davitt, Liam Mellows and Frank Ryan, but many do not understand the important contributions made by another, lesser-known Revolutionary Marxist Peter Graham. Peter came from 46 Reginald Street in the Liberties of Dublin and attended Bolton St, College of Technology. Working as an electrician in CIE he was a shop- steward for the Electrical Trade Union. He joined the Labour Party and later joined the Communist Party, before becoming involved with the League for a Workers’ Republic, an organisation openly declaring itself Trotskyist.
With single minded dedication he was the founder and chairperson of Young Socialists who agitated around anti-union legislation, the Vietnam War and the North of Ireland Civil Rights Campaign. To express their solidarity with the 1968 Paris student protests and the workers general strike, the Young Socialists held a demonstration outside the French Embassy in Dublin. Graham said “this tremendous opportunity for the victory of socialism may again be lost unless a revolutionary working class leadership emerges in France”. Later that year Graham and the Young Socialists held a protest in Abbey Street against new anti- trade union legislation, holding a banner with the words “hands of our trade unions”. Addressing the protesters Peter said “that trade unionist, tenants and farmers must form an alliance to oppose this anti-union legislation”.
What’s more, he participated in the North of Ireland civil rights march in Derry on October 5th 1968 which was brutally attacked by the RUC. Following this event the Young Socialists decided to hold a march in solidarity with the Civil Rights movement to the British Embassy in Merrion Square. But the marchers were prevented from reaching the Embassy by a cordon of over a hundred Garda. Afterwards Graham told the gathering that because of the police, they were being prevented from making their rightful protest outside the embassy. This was the first such demonstration and that they would be back again in larger numbers.
In addition he was recruited into the organisation of Saor Éire in 1969 by Trotskyist Frank Keane, the National Organiser of Saor Éire. Keane was charged with killing a policeman during a Dublin bank raid, Graham became a leading member of the Frank Keane Defence Committee with Sean Matgamna and Liam Daltun and they saw Keane eventually acquitted.
Graham left for London where he helped in building the International Marxist Group and the Fourth International United Secretariat. Along with Tariq Ali, Bob Purdie and Daltun he assisted in publishing the newspaper of the IMG, Red Mole. Graham also arranged an interview by Bob Purdie with two Saor Éire members in London; the interview published in Red Mole was translated into several languages. While in London he and Daltun wrote and published the Saor Éire manifesto in May 1971.
On his return to Dublin and working with people in the Revolutionary Marxist Group such as Rayner O’Connor Lysaght and Máirín Keegan, he established the Irish Section of the Fourth International and saw this as complementary to his involvement with Saor Éire. In a tragic turn of events Peter Graham was assassinated in a flat he shared with his comrade O’Connor Lysaght at 110, St, Stephen’s Green, at the age of 26; news of his death was greeted with shock by Irish and British socialists, and it remains unsolved. Bob Purdie said “when Peter requested permission to return to Dublin to help build the Revolutionary Marxist Group. If I had got any inkling of the truth, that I was sending him back to mortal danger, I would never have agreed”. Sean Matgamna who saw him, a few days before his death said “Had he survived physically, Peter Graham would have survived politically, and grown”.
The Provisional IRA in a statement said his death had come as a severe blow to the national resurgence and that he provided aid of all forms in 1969. The IRA statement came as a surprise to many Trotskyist colleagues who were not aware of his activities in relation to Saor Éire and the North. As a mark of respect the National Conference of the Young Socialists due to be held that weekend in Galway was postponed.
The cortege was preceded by two young woman who carried the Plough and the Stars, as members of the Young Socialists and Saor Éire carried the coffin along Meath Street, on route to Saint Catherine’s Church. Hundreds of working people lined the footpaths in silence, shops closed and houses had their window blinds drawn. Various left-wing political groups and activists attended the funeral, including Bernadette Devlin, M.P, Mairin Keegan, Eamonn McCann, Michael Farrell and Butch Roche. Who marched behind the coffin draped with the Plough and the Stars to Dean’s Grange cemetary. Special Branch detectives mingled with the large crowd of several hundred.
The oration was given by Tariq Ali of the IMG, who said “there were not many Peter Grahams in our movement and his death was a blow not just to building the Fourth International in Ireland but to the Irish working class, which had lost a leader of great potential”. Several verses of The Internationale were sung and the clenched fist salute was given.
“It was heartening however to see the Young Socialists taking the initiative on this question, (Paris 1968) and they deserve full support from all real militants. The day will come when consistent Marxist politics will win through”. Peter Graham Workers Fight, June 1968.